v3.3.1.900
Document And Entity Information - USD ($)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2015
Jan. 31, 2016
Jun. 30, 2015
Document And Entity Information [Abstract]      
Entity Registrant Name NORFOLK SOUTHERN CORP    
Entity Central Index Key 0000702165    
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31    
Entity Filer Category Large Accelerated Filer    
Document Type 10-K    
Document Period End Date Dec. 31, 2015    
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2015    
Document Fiscal Period Focus FY    
Amendment Flag false    
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   298,198,651  
Entity Well-known Seasoned Issuer Yes    
Entity Voluntary Filers No    
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes    
Entity Public Float     $ 26,243,199,266